Simba, Meet Kimba and Zimba, Before there was Simba, there was Kimba!

The Original, Kimba The White Lion

Kimba, the White Lion was one of the most popular TV cartoons of the late 1960s. The show came from Japan, where it began as a famous 1950s children's comic-art novel, Jungulu Taitei [King of the Jungle] by Osamu Tesuka, who was already popular for his Astro Boy character.

The TV Kimba is a simplification of the novel. Big-game hunters kill the, mighty Caesar, the king of the jungle, and capture his queen, Snowene. Kimba Is born on the boat that brings his mother to a zoo in Europe, but he escapes, and he returns to the African veld. Caesar's old friends, led by wise old Dan'l Baboon, Bucky Deer and Pauley Cracker the parrot, try to help Kimba realize his place as the young Prince. but Kimba wants to be more than a strong fighter like father. He is impressed by human civilization and he wants to create a similar animal civilization where beasts will not have to prey on each other. This stirs the opposition of many animals. Even the friendlier carnivores point out that he is basically asking them to starve to death.

Despite the serious tone of the story, the 5 episodes that were syndicated in America in 1966 were kept light and humorous, and were designed to be seen in random sequence. But the Japanese public familiar with the cartoon-art classic had some awareness of the chronology of the TV episodes. Kimba begins as a babyish cub, acknowledged as the Prince but considered an impractical dreamer by all but his closest friends. Gradually, he accomplishes his goals (including finding a "Meat substitute" for the carnivores) and convinces the other animals of the value of his "civilization." By the last episodes, he is a husky teenager and his peaceful animal kingdom is solidly established.

Kimba was a Japanese cartoon, but the name is American. in the original Japanese, Jungulu Taitei, he's Leo the Lion. NBC, which bought the American rights, considered this moniker too unimaginative. They instructed producer Fred Ladd to change the hero's name to something more original. Ladd's team of writers and dubbers, led by Cliff Owens and Billie Lou Watt., took the Swahili word for lion, simba, and changed the initial letter to create Kimba-a unique name.

But before there was Kimba, there was Zimba!

In the late 1940s English film mogul J. Arthur Rank wanted to create a British cartoon studio to rival Disney's . He hired David Hand, Disney's own director of Snow White and Bambi, to put together this studio. Hand tried to start a series named Animaland in 1948. Its main star was a red squirrel named Ginger Nutt, but the first Animaland cartoon featured a humorous "nature study" of the African lion. This lion only appeared in two of the nine cartoons, where he was called Zimmy Lion. But according to studio notes for future cartoons, which were partially published in the single children's picture book that came out before the studio ran out of money and -closed down in 1950, Zimmy was a nickname for Zimba. Was this also derived from simba?' It seems too close to be just a coincidence!

-Fred Patten

The New Simba

Taken From Wild Cartoon Kingdom #3, 1994, without permission.
[ Home | 1980's | Animation | Info. Society BBS | Reflection's Software | Worcester BBS List ]